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Table 1 Mean, standard deviation (SD) and number of individuals [n] in each analysis of timing, duration, distance and speed for different legs of the migration for each of the three different species

From: Annual spatiotemporal migration schedules in three larger insectivorous birds: European nightjar, common swift and common cuckoo

Parameter Nightjar (SD) [n] Cuckoo (SD) [n] Swift (SD) [n] P model P Ni_Cu P Ni_Sw P Cu_Sw
Timing (day of year one)
 Dep. breeding 250 (7) [6] 191 (13) [8] 222 (8) [9] 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
 Arr. Sahel 280 (5) [6] 263 (15) [6] 244 (11) [8] 0.000 0.018 0.000 0.006
 Dep. Sahel 294 (3) [6] 301 (12) [6] 280 (15) [8] 0.014 0.371 0.040 0.005
 Arr. C. Africa 301 (3) [6] 307 (14) [6] 288 (16) [7] 0.044 0.451 0.080 0.017
 Dep. C. Africa 449 (15) [6] 450 (21) [5] 471 (11) [7] 0.036 0.897 0.021 0.036
 Arr. W. Africa 455 (16) [6] 458 (18) [5] 481 (11) [7] 0.015 0.753 0.008 0.021
 Dep. W. Africa 475 (10) [4] 487 (12) [4] 495 (4) [10] 0.001 0.035 0.000 0.083
 Arr. breeding 493 (12) [3] 505 (12) [3] 506 (6) [10] 0.104 0.120 0.038 0.812
Duration (days)
 Breeding Sahel 30 (10) [6] 57 (15) [3] 27 (10) [7] 0.004 0.004 0.649 0.002
 Sahel–C. Africa 7 (2) [6] 6 (4) [5] 8 (5) [6] 0.875 0.755 0.837 0.612
 Fall 52 (9) [6] 113 (31) [5] 69 (21) [8] 0.001 0.000 0.161 0.002
 Fall stops 31 (8) [6] 88 (30) [5] 43 (20) [8] 0.001 0.000 0.323 0.001
 C. Africa–W. Africa 6 (2) [6] 8 (4) [5] 9 (6) [7] 0.463 0.549 0.222 0.573
 W. Africa breeding 23 (6) [3] 18 (2) [3] 11 (5) [10] 0.005 0.270 0.003 0.038
 Spring 55 (13) [3] 65 (7) [3] 34 (9) [7] 0.001 0.206 0.008 0.001
 Spring stops 40 (11) [3] 48 (7) [3] 20 (8) [6] 0.002 0.255 0.009 0.001
 Breeding 127 (15) [3] 49 (3) [3] 82 (11) [9] 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.001
 C. Africa 148 (15) [6] 139 (23) [5] 183 (13) [7] 0.001 0.422 0.002 0.000
 Migration 100 (16) [3] 185 (25) [3] 105 (19) [5] 0.001 0.001 0.758 0.001
 Non-migration 265 (16) [3] 180 (25) [3] 260 (19) [5] 0.001 0.001 0.758 0.001
Distance (km)
 Breeding Sahel 4656 (925) [6] 5048 (89) [6] 6693 (675) [5] 0.000 0.323 0.000 0.001
 Sahel–C. Africa 3560 (479) [6] 1822 (503) [6] 2310 (516) [5] 0.000 0.000 0.001 0.128
 Fall 8215 (760) [6] 6870 (528) [6] 7954 (1379) [10] 0.085 0.041 0.639 0.063
 C. Africa–W. Africa 1658 (906) [5] 1986 (572) [5] 2912 (963) [7] 0.056 0.553 0.025 0.084
 W. Africa breeding 5555 (815) [5] 5691 (146) [3] 5906 (291) [10] 0.413 0.705 0.203 0.507
 Spring 7180 (1015) [6] 7898 (376) [3] 7944 (1729) [10] 0.572 0.485 0.313 0.961
Speed (km/day)
 Breeding Sahel 178 (92) [6] 92 (24) [3] 316 (76) [4] 0.010 0.153 0.021 0.004
 Sahel–C. Africa 577 (258) [6] 371 (120) [5] 553 (370) [4] 0.406 0.212 0.885 0.316
 Fall 162 (30) [6] 65 (17) [5] 161 (103) [9] 0.065 0.044 0.981 0.032
 C. Africa–W. Africa 281 (177) [5] 363 (328) [3] 369 (163) [7] 0.750 0.596 0.477 0.964
 W. Africa breeding 236 (63) [3] 313 (29) [3] 666 (305) [10] 0.033 0.720 0.024 0.055
 Spring 131 (52) [3] 122 (17) [3] 331 (131) [10] 0.012 0.924 0.017 0.014
  1. P model is the p value of a general linear model with species as predictor, and the other three p values are testing pairwise differences between species (Ni nightjar, Cu cuckoo, Sw swift). p values <0.05 are in italics. p values <0.0016 (applying a Bonferroni correction) are in italic underline