Model response | Model covariate | Range | DF | *χ*^{2} | *p*-value |
---|

Detection efficiency (DE) | Turbidity (NTU) | 0.5–8.6 | 1 | 3.4 | 0.07 |

Tag distance (m) | 0–80 | 3 | 144 | *<0.0001* |

Water depth (m) | 0.13–0.47 | 1 | 8.5 | *0.004* |

Water temperature (°C) | 2.2–7.5 | 1 | 9.75 | *0.002* |

Distance-temperature | NA | 3 | 62 | *< 0.0001* |

Distance-depth | NA | 3 | 7.7 | 0.05 |

- An AR1 covariance term for temporal autocorrelation and tag ID was included as a random effect in the GEE. The ‘Location’ term is a categorical variable with 4 levels, where 0 m was used as the baseline level in the fitted model. Significant
*p*-values of model terms are italicized. This is simply used to provide an understanding of hypothesis testing rather than the fit of our final model