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Table 1 Summary table for the five gray wolves monitored in and around Denali National Park and Preserve, Alaska

From: Environmental correlates of activity and energetics in a wide-ranging social carnivore

Wolf ID Age (yrs) Weight (kg; start, end) Deployment (days) Reproductive status Pack size (start, end) Mean 95% UD (km2) 95% CI UD (km2) CTCRW daily distance travelled (km) Slope
Angle during incline locomotion (°)
Daily energy expenditure
CTCRW DEE
(MJ day−1)
ODBA DEE
(MJ day−1)
1502M 3 47, 48 212 Denned 2, 8 510 434–591 17.5 ± 0.6 0.79
 ± 0.07
15.3
 ± 0.1
23.0
 ± 0.3
1501M 3 51, 52 211 Denned 4, 6 3983 2837–5321 22.4 ± 1.0 3.86
 ± 0.14
19.5
 ± 0.3
25.1
 ± 0.4
1507M 2 45, N/A 50 N/A 14, 4 4107 1282–8547 13.5 ± 1.3 1.52
 ± 0.13
14.0
 ± 0.3
17.4
 ± 0.4
1503M 3 41, 45 210 Denned 2, 6 2067 1482–274 14.5 ± 0.8 2.36
 ± 0.09,
13.2
 ± 0.2
16.8
 ± 0.3
1506M 2–3 46, 46 209 Did not den 5, 2 8258 4530–13,087 21.2 ± 0.9 1.02
 ± 0.05
15.6
 ± 0.2
23.3
 ± 0.5
Mean ± SE 2–3 46, 47 178.0 ± 26.2 3 of 5 denned 5.4 ± 2.2,
5.2 ± 1.0
3785 ± 1301   17.8 ± 1.8 1.9
 ± 0.1
15.8
 ± 0.1
21.8
 ± 0.2
  1. Pack size includes any 2015 pups surviving to the end of the study period (early October). Where applicable, data are presented as mean ± SE
  2. UD: utilization distribution; CTCRW: continuous time-correlated random walk; DEE: daily energy expenditure; ODBA: overall dynamic body acceleration