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Table 3 Clinical scoring system to assess health status

From: Recovery time after intra-abdominal transmitter placement for telemetric (neuro) physiological measurement in freely moving common marmosets (Callitrix jacchus)

Parameter Evaluation scale (including but not limited to these clinical signs) Parameter
General appearance Normal, alert 0
Abnormal or hunched posture, dull appearance to eyes, dehydration, notable weight loss 1
Stupor: A state of impaired consciousness characterised by a marked diminution in the capacity to react to environmental stimuli 2
Sopor: a deep, lethargic or unnatural sleep 3
Coma: a state of extreme unresponsiveness, in which an individual exhibits no voluntary movement or behaviour. Even painful stimuli (actions which, when performed on a healthy individual, result in reactions) are unable to affect any response, and normal reflexes may be lost 4
Skin and fur Normal 0
Ruffled fur, unkept appearance 1
Rash, pallor, redness, icterus, petechiae, ccchymoses, wound, abscess, ulcer 2
Respiration Normal 0
Increased (>60) or decreased respiration rate per minute (<50/min), cough, sneezing 1
Dyspnoea, open mouth breathing, cyanosis 2
Faeces and urine Normal consistency and volume 0
Decreased faeces, fry, wet and pasty, discoloration decreased urine, discoloration 1
Faeces absent 2
Liquid faeces (if debilitating), urine absent, blood in faeces or urine 3
Food intake Normal 0
Decreased (eating less than half normal food intake) 1
Eating biscuits but no fruit or pellets 2
Severely decreased (not eating biscuits) 3
Locomotor activity Normal 0
Hyperactivity (circling, increased aggression); Hypoactivity (hunched, inactive on camera, active with people in room) 1
Ataxia, neurological signs (tremors, head tilt), loss of interest in treats 2
Reluctant to move, uses cage for support, difficulty getting to food or water (decreased response to human presence), seizures 3
Down with no or minimal response to human approach, coma 4
Position in the cagea Upper part  
Bottom part  
Social behavioura Scent-marking  
Slit stare  
Sitting and resting  
Walking, running, climbing and jumping gaps between objects  
‘Bouncing gait’: running with an exaggerated bouncing movement and frequently included bouncing off objects  
  1. aScored in number of occurrences per minute.