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Table 1 Confusion matrix obtained for the classification of dairy cow behaviour with the decision-tree classification algorithm

From: Classification of behaviour in housed dairy cows using an accelerometer-based activity monitoring system

Observed behaviour Predicted behaviours Total number of observations
1-min window Lying Standing Feeding  
Lying 74.09 22.27 3.64 988
Standing 8.96 82.08 8.96 279
Feeding 0.14 4.21 95.65 736
     2003
5-min window     
Lying 74.09 21.76 4.15 193
Standing 5.77 88.46 5.77 52
Feeding 0.0 2.56 97.44 156
     401
10-min window     
Lying 77.42 18.28 4.30 93
Standing 4.0 88.0 8.0 25
Feeding 0.0 1.22 98.78 82
     200
  1. The results were obtained using a 1-min, 5-min and 10-min window size and with values of 0.0413 and −0.055 g for threshold A and B, respectively. The values given in the main part of the table correspond to the percentage of observations classified for each behaviour. The final column gives the total number of validated observations (data points) for each behaviour
  2. Values marked in bold indicate the classification sensitivity for each behaviour