Kohler NE, Turner PA. Shark tagging: a review of conventional methods and studies. Environ Biol Fish. 2001;60:191–223.
Berumen ML, Braun CD, Cochran JE, Skomal GB, Thorrold SR. Movement patterns of juvenile whale sharks tagged at an aggregation site in the Red Sea. PLoS ONE. 2014;9:e103536.
Thorrold SR, Afonso P, Fontes J, Braun CD, Skomal GB, Berumen ML. Extreme diving behavior in devil rays link surface waters and the deep ocean. Nat Commun. 2014;5:7.
Braun CD, Skomal GB, Thorrold SR, Berumen ML. Diving behavior of the reef manta ray links coral reefs with adjacent deep pelagic habitats. PLoS ONE. 2014;9:e88170.
Werry JM, Planes S, Berumen ML, Lee KA, Braun CD, Clua E. Reef-fidelity and migration of Tiger Sharks, Galeocerdo cuvier, across the Coral Sea. PLoS ONE. 2014;9:e83249.
Skomal GB, Zeeman SI, Chisholm JH, Summers EL, Walsh HJ, McMahon KW, et al. Transequatorial migrations by basking sharks in the western Atlantic Ocean. Curr Biol. 2009;19:1019–22.
Domeier ML. An analysis of Pacific striped marlin (Tetrapturus audax) horizontal movement patterns using pop-up satellite archival tags. Bull Mar Sci. 2006;79:811–25.
Musyl MK, Brill RW, Curran DS, Fragoso NM, McNaughton LM, Nielsen A, et al. Postrelease survival, vertical and horizontal movements, and thermal habitats of five species of pelagic sharks in the central Pacific Ocean. Fish Bull. 2011;109:341–68.
Jorgensen SJ, Arnoldi NS, Estess EE, Chapple TK, Rückert M, Anderson SD, et al. Eating or meeting? Cluster analysis reveals intricacies of White Shark (Carcharodon carcharias) migration and offshore behavior. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e47819.
Hammerschlag N, Gallagher A, Lazarre D. A review of shark satellite tagging studies. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol. 2011;398:1–8.
Nakamura I. Billfishes of the world: an annotated and illustrated catalogue of marlins, sailfishes, spearfishes and swordfishes known to date. In: Book Billfishes of the world: an annotated and illustrated catalogue of marlins, sailfishes, spearfishes and swordfishes known to date (Editor ed.^eds.), vol. 5. City: FAO; 1985.
Collette BB, McDowell JR, Graves JE. Phylogeny of recent billfishes (Xiphioidei). Bull Mar Sci. 2006;79:455–68.
Arocha F, Ortiz M. Standardized catch rates for blue marlin (Makaira nigricans) and white marlin (Tetrapturus albidus) from the Venezuelan pelagic longline fishery off the Caribbean Sea and the western Central Atlantic: period 1991–2004. ICCAT Coll Vol Sci Pap. 2006;59:315–22.
Graves JE, Horodysky AZ. Asymmetric conservation benefits of circle hooks in multispecies billfish recreational fisheries: a synthesis of hook performance and analysis of blue marlin (Makaira nigricans) postrelease survival. Fish Bull. 2010;108:433–41.
Billfish species status reviews http://www.iucnredlist.org.
Neilson J, Arocha F, Cass-Calay S, Mejuto J, Ortiz M, Scott G, et al. The recovery of Atlantic swordfish: the comparative roles of the regional fisheries management organization and species biology. Rev Fish Sci. 2013;21:59–97.
Collette B, Carpenter K, Polidoro B, Juan-Jordá M, Boustany A, Die D, et al. High value and long life—double jeopardy for tunas and billfishes. Science. 2011;333:291–2.
ICCAT: Report of the. ICCAT Mediterranean swordfish stock assessment meeting. Madrid. 2010;2010:40.
ICCAT. Report of the fourth ICCAT billfish workshop. ICCAT Coll Vol Sci Pap. 2001;53:1–22.
ICCAT. Report of the 2011 blue marlin stock assessment and white marlin data preparatory meeting. Madrid. 2011. p. 71.
Graves JE, Luckhurst BE, Prince ED. An evaluation of pop-up satellite tags for estimating postrelease survival of blue marlin (Makaira nigricans) from a recreational fishery. Fish Bull. 2002;100:134–42.
ICCAT. Report of the 2002 white marlin stock assessment meeting. ICCAT Coll Vol Sci Pap. 2003;55:350–452.
Graves JE, Kerstetter DW, Luckhurst BE, Prince ED. Habitat preferences of istiophorid billfishes in the western North Atlantic: applicability of archival tag data to habitat-based stock assessment methodologies. Collect Vol Sci Pap ICCAT. 2003;55:594–602.
ICCAT. Report of the 2009 sailfish assessment (June 1-5, 2009). Collect Vol Sci Pap ICCAT. 2009;65:1507–632.
Beerkircher L, Lee D, Hinteregger G. Roundscale spearfish Tetrapturus georgii: morphology, distribution, and relative abundance in the western North Atlantic. Bull Mar Sci. 2008;82:155–70.
Di Natale A, Mangano A, Celona A, Valastro M. Size frequency composition of the Mediterranean spearfish (Tetrapturus belone, Rafinesque) catches in the Tyrrhenian Sea and in the Strait of Messina in 2003. ICCAT Coll Vol Sci Pap. 2003;58:589–95.
Di Natale A, Celona A, Mangano A. A series of catch records by the harpoon fishery in the Strait of Messina from 1976 to 2003. Collect Vol Scientif Pap ICCAT. 2005;58:1348–59.
Akyol O, Erdem M, Unal V, Ceyhan T. Investigations on drift-net fishery for swordfish (Xiphias gladius L.) in the Aegean Sea. Turk J Vet Anim Sci. 2005;29:1225–31.
Arocha F, Bárrios A, Lee DW. Spatial-temporal distribution, sex ratio at size and gonad index of white marlin (Tetrapturus albidus) and longbill spearfish (Tetrapturus pfluegeri) in the western Central Atlantic during the period of 2002-2005. Collect Vol Sci Pap ICCAT. 2007;60:1746–56.
Bernard AM, Shivji MS, Domingues RR, Hazin FHV, de Amorim AF, Domingo A, et al. Broad geographic distribution of roundscale spearfish (Tetrapturus georgii) (Teleostei, Istiophoridae) in the Atlantic revealed by DNA analysis: implications for white marlin and roundscale spearfish management. Fish Res. 2013;139:93–7.
Beerkircher L, Arocha F, Barse A, Prince E, Restrepo V, Serafy J, et al. Effects of species misidentification on population assessment of overfished white marlin Tetrapturus albidus and roundscale spearfish T. georgii. Endanger Species Res. 2009;9:81–9.
Shivji MS, Magnussen JE, Beerkircher L, Hinteregger G, Lee DW, Serafy J, et al. Validity, identification, and distribution of the roundscale spearfish, Tetrapturus georgii (Teleoistei: Istiophoridae): morphological and molecular evidence. Bull Mar Sci. 2006;79:483–91.
Matsumoto T, Miyabe N, Saito H, Okazaki M, Chow S. Report of 2000-2001 research cruise by R/V Shoyo-Maru conducted under the ICCAT's BETYP. Col Vol Sci Pap ICCAT. 2002;54:68–90.
Kerstetter DW, Luckhurst BE, Prince ED, Graves JE. Use of pop-up satellite archival tags to demonstrate survival of blue marlin (Makaira nigricans) released from pelagic longline gear. Fish Bull. 2003;101:939–48.
Matsumoto T, Saito H, Miyabe N. Report of observer program for Japanese Tuna Longline Fishery in the Atlantic Ocean from September 2001 to March 2002. Col Vol Sci Pap ICCAT. 2003;55:1679–718.
Matsumoto T, Saito H, Miyabe N. Report of the observer program for the Japanese Tuna Longline Fishery in the Atlantic Ocean from September 2002 to January 2003. Col Vol Sci Pap ICCAT. 2004;56:254–81.
Saito H, Takeuchi Y, Yokawa K. Vertical distribution of Atlantic blue marlin obtained from pop-up archival tags in the tropical Atlantic Ocean. Col Vol Sci Pap ICCAT. 2004;56:201–11.
Prince ED, Cowen RK, Orbesen ES, Luthy SA, Llopiz JK, Richardson DE, et al. Movements and spawning of white marlin (Tetrapturus albidus) and blue marlin (Makaira nigricans) off Punta Cana, Dominican Republic. Fish Bull. 2005;103:659–69.
Saito H, Yokawa K. Use of pop-up tags to estimate vertical distribution of Atlantic blue marlin (Makaira nigricans) released from the commercial and research longline cruise during 2002 and 2003. Col Vol Sci Pap ICCAT. 2006;59:252–64.
Kraus R, Rooker J. Patterns of vertical habitat use by Atlantic blue marlin (Makaira nigricans) in the Gulf of Mexico. Gulf Caribbean Res. 2007;19:89.
Goodyear CP, Luo J, Prince ED, Hoolihan JP, Snodgrass D, Orbesen ES, et al. Vertical habitat use of Atlantic blue marlin Makaira nigricans: interaction with pelagic longline gear. Mar Ecol Prog Ser. 2008;365:233–45.
Hoolihan JP, Luo J, Richardson DE, Snodgrass D, Orbesen ES, Prince ED. Vertical movement rate estimates for Atlantic istiophorid billfishes derived from high-resolution pop-up satellite archival data. Bull Mar Sci. 2009;84:257–64.
Prince ED, Luo J, Phillip Goodyear C, Hoolihan JP, Snodgrass D, Orbesen ES, et al. Ocean scale hypoxia‐based habitat compression of Atlantic istiophorid billfishes. Fish Oceanogr. 2010;19:448–62.
Kraus R, Wells RJD, Rooker J. Horizontal movements of Atlantic blue marlin (Makaira nigricans) in the Gulf of Mexico. Mar Biol. 2011;158:699–713.
Kerstetter D, Graves J. Postrelease survival of sailfish caught by commercial pelagic longline gear in the southern Gulf of Mexico. N Am J Fish Manag. 2008;28:1578–86.
Richardson DE, Cowen RK, Prince ED, Sponaugle S. Importance of the Straits of Florida spawning ground to Atlantic sailfish (Istiophorus platypterus) and blue marlin (Makaira nigricans). Fish Oceanogr. 2009;18:402–18.
Kerstetter D, Bayse S, Graves J. Sailfish (Istiophorus platypterus) habitat utilization in the southern Gulf of Mexico and Florida Straits with implications on vulnerability to shallow-set pelagic longline gear. Collect Vol Sci Pap ICCAT. 2010;65:1701–12.
Hoolihan JP, Luo J, Goodyear C, Orbesen ES, Prince ED. Vertical habitat use of sailfish (Istiophorus platypterus) in the Atlantic and eastern Pacific, derived from pop‐up satellite archival tag data. Fish Oceanogr. 2011;20:192–205.
Kerstetter DW, Bayse SM, Fenton JL, Graves JE. Sailfish habitat utilization and vertical movements in the southern Gulf of Mexico and Florida Straits. Marine Coastal Fish. 2011;3:353–65.
Kerstetter DW, Orbesen ES, Snodgrass D, Prince ED. Movements and habitat utilization of two longbill spearfish Tetrapturus pfluegeri in the eastern tropical South Atlantic Ocean. Bull Mar Sci. 2009;85:173–82.
Sedberry G, Loefer J. Satellite telemetry tracking of swordfish, Xiphias gladius, off the eastern United States. Mar Biol. 2001;139:355–60.
Loefer JK, Sedberry GR, McGovern JC. Nocturnal depth distribution of western north Atlantic swordfish (Xiphias gladius, Linnaeus, 1758) in relation to lunar illumination. Gulf Caribbean Res. 2007;19:83–8.
Neilson JD, Smith S, Royer F, Paul SD, Porter JM, Lutcavage M. Investigations of horizontal movements of Atlantic swordfish using pop-up satellite archival tags. In: Nielsen JL, editor. Tagging and tracking of marine animals with electronic devices. New York: Springer; 2009. p. 145–59.
Dewar H, Prince E, Musyl M, Brill R, Sepulveda C, Luo J, et al. Movements and behaviors of swordfish in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans examined using pop‐up satellite archival tags. Fish Oceanogr. 2011;20:219–41.
Lerner JD, Kerstetter DW, Prince ED, Talaue-McManus L, Orbesen ES, Mariano A, et al. Swordfish vertical distribution and habitat use in relation to diel and lunar cycles in the western North Atlantic. Trans Am Fish Soc. 2013;142:95–104.
Horodysky AZ, Graves JE. Application of pop-up satellite archival tag technology to estimate postrelease survival of white marlin (Tetrapturus albidus) caught on circle and straight-shank (“J”) hooks in the western North Atlantic recreational fis. Fish Bull. 2005;103:84–96.
Kerstetter DW, Graves JE. Survival of white marlin (Tetrapturus albidus) released from commercial pelagic longline gear in the western North Atlantic. Fish Bull. 2006;104:434–44.
Horodysky AZ, Kerstetter DW, Latour RJ, Graves JE. Habitat utilization and vertical movements of white marlin (Tetrapturus albidus) released from commercial and recreational fishing gears in the western North Atlantic Ocean: inferences from short duration pop-up archival satellite tags. Fish Oceanogr. 2007;16:240–56.
Graves JE, Horodysky AZ. Does hook choice matter? Effects of three circle hook models on postrelease survival of white marlin. N Am J Fish Manag. 2008;28:471–80.
Gunn JS, Patterson TA, Pepperell JG. Short-term movement and behaviour of black marlin Makaira indica in the Coral Sea as determined through a pop-up satellite archival tagging experiment. Mar Freshwater Res. 2003;54:515–25.
Domeier ML, Speare P. Dispersal of adult black marlin (Istiompax indica) from a Great Barrier Reef spawning aggregation. PLoS ONE. 2012;7:e31629.
Prince E, Holts DB, Snodgrass D, Orbesen ES, Luo J, Domeier M, et al. Transboundary movement of sailfish, Istiophorus platypterus, off the Pacific coast of Central America. Bull Mar Sci. 2006;79:827–38.
Chiang W-C, Musyl MK, Sun C-L, Chen S-Y, Chen W-Y, Liu D-C, et al. Vertical and horizontal movements of sailfish (Istiophorus platypterus) near Taiwan determined using pop-up satellite tags. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol. 2011;397:129–35.
Chiang WC, Kawabe R, Musyl M, Sun C, Hung HM, Lin HC, et al. Diel oscillations in sailfish vertical movement behavior in the East China Sea. J Mar Sci Technol. 2013;21:267–73.
Domeier ML, Dewar H, Nasby-Lucas N. Mortality rate of striped marlin (Tetrapturus audax) caught with recreational tackle. Mar Freshwater Res. 2003;54:435–45.
Sippel TJ, Davie PS, Holdsworth JC, Block BA. Striped marlin (Tetrapturus audax) movements and habitat utilization during a summer and autumn in the Southwest Pacific Ocean. Fish Oceanogr. 2007;16:459–72.
Sippel T, Holdsworth J, Dennis T, Montgomery J. Investigating behaviour and population dynamics of striped Marlin (<italic > Kajikia audax</italic>) from the Southwest Pacific Ocean with satellite tags. PLoS ONE. 2011;6:e21087.
Abascal FJ, Mejuto J, Quintans M, Ramos-Cartelle A. Horizontal and vertical movements of swordfish in the Southeast Pacific. Ices J Mar Sci. 2010;67:466–74.
Evans K, Baer H, Bryant E, Holland M, Rupley T, Wilcox C. Resolving estimation of movement in a vertically migrating pelagic fish: Does GPS provide a solution? J Exp Mar Biol Ecol. 2011;398:9–17.
Abecassis M, Dewar H, Hawn D, Polovina J. Modeling swordfish daytime vertical habitat in the North Pacific Ocean from pop-up archival tags. Mar Ecol Prog Ser. 2012;452:219–36.
Evans K, Abascal F, Kolody D, Sippel T, Holdsworth J, Maru P. The horizontal and vertical dynamics of swordfish in the South Pacific Ocean. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol. 2014;450:55–67.
Hoolihan J. Horizontal and vertical movements of sailfish (Istiophorus platypterus) in the Arabian Gulf, determined by ultrasonic and pop-up satellite tagging. Mar Biol. 2005;146:1015–29.
Hoolihan JP, Luo J. Determining summer residence status and vertical habitat use of sailfish (Istiophorus platypterus) in the Arabian Gulf. ICES J Mar Sci: J du Conseil. 2007;64:1791–9.
Musyl M, Domeier M, Nasby-Lucas N, Brill RW, McNaughton LM, Swimmer J, et al. Performance of pop-up satellite archival tags. Mar Ecol Prog Ser. 2011;433:1–28.
Graves JE, Horodysky AZ. Challenges of estimating post-release mortality of istiophorid billfishes caught in the recreational fishery: a review. Fish Res. In press.
Claireaux G, Lefrancoise C. Linking environmental variability and fish performance: integration through the concept of scope for activity. Philos Trans R Soc B. 2007;362:2031–41.
Wegner NC, Sepulveda CA, Aalbers SA, Graham JB. Structural adaptations for ram ventilation: gill fusions in scombrids and billfishes. J Morphol. 2013;274:108–20.
Block BA, Finnerty JR, Stewart AF, Kidd J. Evolution of endothermy in fish: mapping physiological traits on a molecular phylogeny. Science. 1993;260:210.
Fritsches KA, Brill RW, Warrant EJ. Warm eyes provide superior vision in swordfishes. Curr Biol. 2005;15:55–8.
Júnior TV, Vooren CM, Lessa RP. Feeding habits of four species of Istiophoridae (Pisces: Perciformes) from northeastern Brazil. Environ Biol Fish. 2004;70:293–304.
Richardson DE, Llopiz JK, Guigand CM, Cowen RK. Larval assemblages of large and medium-sized pelagic species in the Straits of Florida. Prog Oceanogr. 2010;86:8–20.
Govoni JJ, Stender BW, Pashuk O. Distribution of larval swordfish, Xiphias gladius, and probable spawning off the southeastern United States. Fish Bull. 2000;98:64–74.
Hyde J, Lynn E, Humphreys Jr R, Musyl M, West A, Vetter R. Shipboard identification of fish eggs and larvae by multiplex PCR, and description of fertilized eggs of blue marlin, shortbill spearfish, and wahoo. Mar Ecol Prog Ser. 2005;286:269–77.
Hyde JR, Humphreys R, Musyl M, Lynn E, Vetter R. A central North Pacific spawning ground for striped marlin, Tetrapturus audax. Bull Mar Sci. 2006;79:683–90.
Gonzalez-Armas R, Klett-Traulsen A, Hernandez-Herrera A. Evidence of billfish reproduction in the southern Gulf of California, Mexico. Bull Mar Sci. 2006;79:705–17.
Palko BJ, Beardsley GL, Richards WJ. Synopsis of the biology of the swordfish, Xiphias gladius Linnaeus. NOAA Technical Report 1981:28.
Scott W, Tibbo S. Food and feeding habits of swordfish, Xiphias gladius, in the western North Atlantic. J Fish Board Canada. 1968;25:903–19.
Stillwell C, Kohler N. Food and feeding ecology of the swordfish Xiphias gladius in the western North Atlantic Ocean with estimates of daily ration. Mar Ecol Progress Ser Oldendorf. 1985;22:239–47.
Carey F. A brain heater in the swordfish. Science. 1982;216:1327–9.
Arocha F, Lee D. Maturity at size, reproductive seasonality, spawning frequency, fecundity and sex ratio in swordfish from the Northwest Atlantic. Collect Vol Sci Pap ICCAT. 1995;45:350–7.
Olson DB, Hitchcock GL, Mariano AJ, Ashjian CJ, Peng G, Nero RW, et al. Life on the edge: marine life and fronts. Oceanography. 1994;7:52–60.
Sakagawa GT, Bell RR. Swordfish, Xiphias gladius. In: Shomura RS, editor. Summary report of the billfish stock assessment workshop; pacific resources: Honolulu Laboratory, Southwest Fisheries Center, Honolulu, Hawaii, 5-14 December 1977. Seattle, Washington: US Department of Commerce; 1980. p. 43–55.
Grall C, De Sylva DP, Houde ED. Distribution, relative abundance, and seasonality of swordfish larvae. Trans Am Fish Soc. 1983;112:235–46.
Nishikawa Y, Honma M, Ueyanagi S, Kikawa S. Average distribution of larvae of oceanic species of scombrid fishes, 1956-1981. Far Seas Fish Res Lab S Ser. 1985;12:1–99.
Prince E, Lee D, Zweifel J, Brothers E. Estimating age and growth of young Atlantic blue marlin Makaira nigricans from otolith microstructure. Fish Bull. 1991;89:441–59.
Wilson CA, Dean JM, Prince ED, Lee DW. An examination of sexual dimorphism in Atlantic and Pacific blue marlin using body weight, sagittae weight, and age estimates. J Exp Mar Biol Ecol. 1991;151:209–25.
Serafy JE, Cowen RK, Paris CB, Capo TR, Luthy SA. Evidence of blue marlin, Makaira nigricans, spawning in the vicinity of Exuma Sound, Bahamas. Mar Freshwater Res. 2003;54:299–306.
White Marlin Biological Review Team. Atlantic white marlin status review. Report to National Marine Fisheries Service, Southeast Regional Office, December 10, 2007. p. 88.
Orbesen ES, Hoolihan JP, Serafy JE, Snodgrass D, Peel E, Prince E. Transboundary movement of Atlantic istiophorid billfishes among international and US domestic management areas inferred from mark-recapture studies. Mar Fish Rev. 2008;70:14–23.
Luthy SA, Cowen RK, Serafy JE, McDowell JR. Toward identification of larval sailfish (Istiophorus platypterus), white marlin (Tetrapturus albidus), and blue marlin (Makaira nigricans) in the western North Atlantic Ocean. Fish Bull. 2005;103:588–600.
Ortiz M, Prince E, Serafy J, Holts DB, Davy KB, Pepperell JG, et al. Global overview of the major constituent-based billfish tagging programs and their results since 1954. Mar Freshwater Res. 2003;54:489–507.
Shimose T, Yokawa K, Saito H. Habitat and food partitioning of billfishes (Xiphioidei). J Fish Biol. 2010;76:2418–33.
Uozumi Y, Nakano H. A historical review of Japanese longline fishery and billfish catches in the Atlantic Ocean. Col Vol Sci Pap ICCAT. 1994;41:233–43.
Richardson DE, Llopiz JK, Leaman KD, Vertes PS, Muller-Karger FE, Cowen RK. Sailfish (Istiophorus platypterus) spawning and larval environment in a Florida Current frontal eddy. Prog Oceanogr. 2009;82:252–64.
Simms JR, Rooker JR, Holt SA, Holt GJ, Bangma J. Distribution, growth, and mortality of sailfish (Istiophorus platypterus) larvae in the northern Gulf of Mexico. Fish Bull. 2010;108:478–90.
Witzell W. Longbill spearfish, Tetrapturus pfleugeri, incidentally caught by recreational billfishermen in the western North Atlantic Ocean, 1974-1986. Fish Bull. 1989;87:982–4.
Yokawa K, Saito H. Results of comparison of catch ratio between shallow and deep setting obtained from 2002 Shoyo-maru survey in the tropical Atlantic. Col Vol Sci Pap ICCAT. 2004;56:195–200.
Garcia S. World review of highly migratory species and straddling stocks. Rome: FAO; 1994.
Castriota L, Finoia MG, Campagnuolo S, Romeo T, Potoschi A, Andaloro F. Diet of Tetrapturus belone (Istiophoridae) in the central Mediterranean Sea. J Mar Biol Assoc UK. 2008;88:183–7.
Romeo T, Consoli P, Castriota L, Andaloro F. An evaluation of resource partitioning between two billfish, Tetrapturus belone and Xiphias gladius, in the central Mediterranean Sea. J Mar Biol Assoc U K. 2009;89:849–57.
Collette BB, Cole K. Reproduction and development in epipelagic fishes. In: Reproduction and sexuality in marine fishes: patterns and processes. Berkeley: University of California Press; 2010. p. 21–63.
Fry FEJ. Effects of environment on animal activity. Univ Toronto Biol Ser. 1947;55:1–62.
Brill RW, Block BA, Boggs CH, Bigelow KA, Freund EV, Marcinek DJ. Horizontal movements and depth distribution of large adult yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) near the Hawaiian Islands, recorded using ultrasonic telemetry: implications for the physiological ecology of pelagic fishes. Mar Biol. 1999;133:395–408.
Brill RW, Lutcavage M. Understanding environmental influences on movements and depth distributions of tunas and billfishes can significantly improve population assessments. Am Fish Sci Symp. 2001;25:179–98.
Varghese S, Somvanshi VS, Dalvi R. Diet composition, feeding niche partitioning and trophic organisation of large pelagic predatory fishes in the eastern Arabian Sea. Hydrobiologia. 2014;736:99–114.
Bernal D, Sepulveda C, Musyl M, Brill R. The eco-physiology of swimming and movement patterns of tunas, billfishes, and large pelagic sharks. In: Domenici P, Kapurr D, editors. Fish Locomotion - an etho-ecological perspective. Enfield, New Hampshire: Scientific Publishers; 2009.
Brill RW, Lowe TE, Cousins KL. How water temperature really limits the vertical movements of tunas and billfishes–it's the heart stupid, International Congress on Biology of Fish. Towson University: American Fisheries Society; 1998. p. 4.
Galli GL, Shiels HA, Brill RW. Temperature sensitivity of cardiac function in pelagic fishes with different vertical mobilities: yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares), bigeye tuna (Thunnus obesus), mahimahi (Coryphaena hippurus), and swordfish (Xiphias gladius). Physiol Biochem Zool. 2009;82:280–90.
Shiels HA, Di Maio A, Thompson S, Block BA. Warm fish with cold hearts: thermal plasticity of excitation-contraction coupling in bluefin tuna. Proc Biol Sci. 2011;278:18–27.
Prince ED, Goodyear CP. Hypoxia‐based habitat compression of tropical pelagic fishes. Fish Oceanogr. 2006;15:451–64.
Galli GL, Lipnick MS, Shiels HA, Block BA. Temperature effects on Ca2+ cycling in scombrid cardiomyocytes: a phylogenetic comparison. J Exp Biol. 2011;214:1068–76.
Block BA. Structure of the brain and eye heater tissue in marlins, sailfish, and spearfishes. J Morphol. 1986;190:169–89.
Hays G. Large-scale patterns of diel vertical migration in the North Atlantic. Deep-Sea Res I Oceanogr Res Pap. 1996;43:1601–15.
Carey FG, Robison BH. Daily patterns in the activities of swordfish, Xiphias gladius, observed by acoustic telemetry. Fish Bull. 1981;79:277–92.
Canese S, Garibaldi F, Orsi Relini L, Greco S. Swordfish tagging with pop-up satellite tags in the Mediterranean Sea. Collect Vol Sci Pap ICCAT. 2007;62:1052–7.
Stramma L, Johnson GC, Sprintall J, Mohrholz V. Expanding oxygen-minimum zones in the tropical oceans. Science. 2008;320:655–8.
Stramma L, Prince ED, Schmidtko S, Luo J, Hoolihan JP, Visbeck M, et al. Expansion of oxygen minimum zones may reduce available habitat for tropical pelagic fishes. Nat Clim Change. 2012;2:33–7.
Brill RW. Selective advantages conferred by the high performance physiology of tunas, billfishes, and dolphin fish. Comp Biochem Physiol. 1996;113:3–15.
Randall D. Gas exchange in fishes. In: Hoar W, Randall D, editors. Fish physiology, vol. 4. New York: Academic; 1970. p. 253–92.
Wegner NC, Sepulveda CA, Bull KB, Graham JB. Gill morphometrics in relation to gas transfer and ram ventilation in high‐energy demand teleosts: Scombrids and billfishes. J Morphol. 2010;271:36–49.
Bijma J, Portner HO, Yesson C, Rogers AD. Climate change and the oceans–what does the future hold? Mar Pollut Bull. 2013;74:495–505.
Keeling RF, Kortzinger A, Gruber N. Ocean deoxygenation in a warming world. Ann Rev Mar Sci. 2010;2:199–229.
Podestá GP, Browder JA, Hoey JJ. Exploring the association between swordfish catch rates and thermal fronts on US longline grounds in the western North Atlantic. Cont Shelf Res. 1993;13:253–77.
Müller-Karger FE, Walsh JJ, Evans RH, Meyers MB. On the seasonal phytoplankton concentration and sea surface temperature cycles of the Gulf of Mexico as determined by satellites. J Geophys Res Oceans. 1991;96:12645–65.
Walsh JJ, Dieterle DA, Meyers MB, Müller-Karger FE. Nitrogen exchange at the continental margin: a numerical study of the Gulf of Mexico. Prog Oceanogr. 1989;23:245–301.
Dagg M, Benner R, Lohrenz S, Lawrence D. Transformation of dissolved and particulate materials on continental shelves influenced by large rivers: plume processes. Cont Shelf Res. 2004;24:833–58.
Bakun A. Fronts and eddies as key structures in the habitat of marine fish larvae: opportunity, adaptive response and competitive advantage. Sci Mar. 2006;70:105–22.
Houde ED. Fish early life dynamics and recruitment variability. Am Fish Soc Symp Ser. 1987;2:17–29.
Llopiz JK, Cowen RK. Precocious, selective and successful feeding of larval billfishes in the oceanic Straits of Florida. Mar Ecol Prog Ser. 2008;358:231.
Mourato BL, Hazin F, Bigelow K, Musyl M, Carvalho F, Hazin H. Spatio-temporal trends of sailfish, Istiophorus platypterus, catch rates in relation to spawning ground and environmental factors in the equatorial and southwestern Atlantic Ocean. Fish Oceanogr. 2014;23:32–44.
Lam CH, Nielsen A, Sibert JR. Improving light and temperature based geolocation by unscented Kalman filtering. Fish Res. 2008;91:15–25.
Sibert JR, Musyl MK, Brill RW. Horizontal movements of bigeye tuna (Thunnus obesus) near Hawaii determined by Kalman filter analysis of archival tagging data. Fish Oceanogr. 2003;12:141–51.
Holdsworth J, Sippel T, Block B. Near real time satellite tracking of striped marlin (Kajikia audax) movements in the Pacific Ocean. Mar Biol. 2009;156:505–14.
Robinson LM, Hobday AJ, Possingham HP, Richardson AJ. Trailing edges projected to move faster than leading edges for large pelagic fish habitats under climate change, Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography. 2014.